history of computer in hindi is a book written for hindi spoken peoples. This book contains 35 pages. Furthermore, this book also consists of 4 sub topics. This book start from the definition of computer. Than so on to the history of computer. This book also have all the beginners level of knowledge. This book contain information that are useful for beginners. Lets discuss the chapter in this topic.
Chapters of history of computer in hindi:
The following are the list of chapters in this topic.
1: Definition of Computer:
Computer is an electronic device which can accepts input and produce output but in the form of information.
2: Earliest Computer:
Earliest the calculation were doing by the humans. Than after the human computers were develop for mathematical calculation. But these computers were very expensive and requires training. The word computer was first used in 1613. It also refers to the person who is doing calculations.
It was an ancient device utilize for record messages. It can also be used for number.
The Abacus renowned to us was used be the chinese in 500 B.C. It perform a basic arithmetic operation.
It consists of sets of rods. These moving rods can add, multiply, divide, and subtract. In addition, John Napier in 1614 built these rods.
William Oughtred develop this in 1622. It is based on napier ideas but about logarithms. Not used for addition and subtraction. But is build for logarithms and trigonometry.
Blaise Pascal in 1642 but it was too expensive.
Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz in 1672 build this machine. Also It was the world first automatic but calculating machine.
Joseph-Marie Jacquard in 1881 built a mechanical loom. It was control by the punch cards.
Thomas de Colmar in 1820 built the mechanical calculator. It is first reliable, useful, and commercial computer. Furthermore, it perform all the basic operation.
Difference Engine and Analytical Engine:
It is design for polynomial function. Similarly, It was built by Charles Babbage in 1822 and 1834. Also it is the world first mechanical computer.
3: Computer History:
Computer isn’t just a prebuild thing. Its has its own history. Starting from very basic.
First Computer Programmer:
In 1840, Augusta Ada Byron suggests Babbage but to use the binary system. She write the Analytical engine.
Scheutzian Calculation Engine:
It is built by Per Georg Scheutz in 1843. Also based on Charles Babbage’s difference engine. It was the first printing calculator device.
Firstly, it Assist the information and accounting. This is built by Herman Hollerith in 1890.
Havard Mark 1:
Howard H. Aiken in 1943. It is also known as IBM Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC). Similarly, It is world first first electro-mechanical computer.
Konrad Zuse in Germany from 1936 to 1938. Also it the first programmable computer. The magnetic tape use for both input and output purpose.
Atanasoff-Berry Computer (ABC):
It is build by Professor John Atanasoff and graduate student Clifford Berry at Iowa State University between 1939 and 1942. Also it is the first electronic digital computing device.
It stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer. Develop by John Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchl. Furthermore, it is the first electronic general- purpose computer in 1946.
Design by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly. Similarly, it is the first commercial computer.
It stands for Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer. It has a store program concept. Also Design by Von Neumann in 1952. It has a memory to hold both data and program.
The First Portable Computer:
The first portable computer is osborne release in 1981.
The First Computer Company:
It is Founded in 1949 by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly. Likewise, the first computer company was the Electronic Controls Company.
4: Computer Generations:
There are total of 5 generation of computers. Lets explain it with a little details.
First generation – 1946 – 1958:
The first generation is an ear of abacus. The complete information is available in my this article generation of computer 1st to 5th.
Second generation – 1959 – 1964:
Follow the link to have the complete information, 2nd generation of computer.
Third generation – 1965 – 1970:
Also follow the link to see the complete information about3rd generation of computer.
Fourth generation – 1971 – today:
The complete information is available in generation of computer 1st to 5th.
Fifth generation – Today to future:
5th generation of computer is available here.
Firstly this book have all important information. Than it is also useful for academics purpose. Similarly, this is the history of computer pdf. Furthermore, it is also the characteristics of computer in hindi. To conclude, this history of computer in hindi is best to all the ages.
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